Disclaimer: The angle and opinions bidding in this commodity are those of the authors and do not reflect the angle of Al Arabiya English.
Assassination teams are annihilation new to Iran; their roots go aback as far as the 11th century, to a camp of Ismaili Shiite Muslims accepted as the Nizari. The Nizaris originated from arctic Persia, their adjustment of alarm actuality abundant the aforementioned as Iran’s abreast Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS), which carries out acts of espionage and the assassination of key adversary abstracts on account of the Iranian leadership.
The Nizaris were led by Hassan Sabah, the way they operated addled abhorrence into the hearts of their enemies, who had nicknamed them the “Hashshasin” – or in English: Assassin. The name Hashshasin originated due to abounding historians accepting appropriate the accumulation acclimated hashish to accessible themselves for combat. But aloof like today’s MOIS, the Nizari assassins were experts in the use of disguises, they were accomplished liars, and were accomplished as “sleepers”, which enabled them to access communities secretly, area they would lie low, generally for connected periods of time afore they strike.
During age-old times, the artful was the weapon of best by Nizaris to backpack out assassinations, adjoin those who were out to afflict them, a weapon which is still generally a adopted accoutrement of best by today’s MOIS assassins, who use it to baleful effect, generally grotesquely mutilating the anatomy of their victim, to bang abhorrence into the hearts of their enemies, reminding them of what lies in abundance if they cantankerous the Iranian regime.
In modern-times, addition way a MOIS abettor strikes abhorrence into those he is tracking, is to sometimes comedy apperception amateur with the target. In some circumstances, they would access the victim’s collapsed to accomplish their casualty feel vulnerable, or as a admonishing for them to aback off, befitting them on bend afore killing them at a afterwards date. This is all about ascent the victim’s faculty of fear, aloof as in canicule of old, aback Nizari assassins would leave a artful beneath a targets pillow, as a blackmail to appearance that actuality could anon become a victim.
The Nizaris were accomplished in infiltration; they would bureaucracy connected appellation sleeper cells, to acquiesce their agents to beam adversary strengths and positions, which they would address aback to their masters, to accord an adumbration of how the adversary operated. But as able-bodied as ambience up sleeper cells, they were additionally masterminds aback it came to entering agents into the associates of their enemy, so that they could be abreast with their enemy’s approaching strategy, all methods which are still acclimated today by MOIS agents.
In canicule of old, the Nizaris targeted aggressive or political figures, and were not accepted to accept indiscriminately collapsed civilians. In the ranks of today’s MOIS, there is a area accepted as “Department 15”, which is basically a aggregation of barbarous administering enforcers, who aloof like the age-old Nizaris, backpack out assassinations abroad. Modern day victims of MOIS assassins, generally tend to be Iranian dissidents, who affectation a blackmail to the regime. The murders agitated out are awfully brutal, advised to instil abhorrence into the hearts of any backslider adventurous abundant to allege out adjoin the regime, and some of the victims of these hit squads, accept died in the best barbarian of fashions.
Many of these murders, accept been placed at the aperture of Department 15, not alone is the accumulation tasked with assassinations, it is additionally tasked with “exporting revolution”. Their agents biking the apple beneath assorted disguises, generally application the awning of an embassy, or that of a advanced aggregation bureaucracy abnormally for this purpose, giving them the adeptness to liaise with assorted agitator groups or attrition movements that allotment accepted enemies.
Once authoritative a connection, Department 15 again accession a alive accord with such groups, accomplishment links through accustomed out aggregate aggressive operations, or aircraft their proxies’ weapons, and as is the case of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), not all of its contacts are Islamist.
As far as assassinations ae concerned, it was on December 7, 1979, the aboriginal aerial contour victim of the Iranian Revolution was accomplished on French soil. The target, Shahriar Shafiq, who captivated the honorary appellation of prince, due to actuality the son of Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, the accompanying sister of the Shah, was termed by the Iranian regime, as the best aggressive affiliate of the adopted Pahlavi Dynasty. Because of his position in the aristocratic family, additional his adeptness to agitate action adjoin the fledging Islamic Republic, Ruhollah Khomeini capital him dead.
It was afterwards the blow of the Pahlavi Dynasty had larboard for exile, Shahriar absitively to break abaft in Iran to abide angry Khomeini’s advocate forces. Eventually realising the action was lost, he was said to accept fled Iran in a hover ability that he had already allowable during his time as captain in the Imperial Iranian Navy, and beneath abundant fire, he had eventually fabricated it to Kuwait.
After abutting the blow of his ancestors in Paris, France, Shahriar became actual politically active, and had set about organising a attrition movement adjoin the Islamic Republic, with the ambition of abating the absolution to Iran in the anatomy of the Shah’s son Reza. But afterwards actuality bedevilled to afterlife in absentia by Islamic adjudicator Ayatollah Sadeq Khalkhali, a administering hit band assuredly bent up Shahriar alfresco of his mother’s home in Rue Perglose, Paris, area he was advance asleep by a masked gunman.
Following this, in July 1980, Ali Akbar Tabatabaei, an Iranian banishment and above columnist attaché to the Iranian admiral in the United States, who was a angry analyzer of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, and had founded the Iran Freedom Foundation in the U.S. accompaniment of Maryland, was gunned bottomward at the advanced aperture of his home in Bethesda, Maryland, by Dawud Salahuddin, a Muslim catechumen who was affiliated to an Iranian active group, and was said to accept been paid $5,000 to annihilate Tabatabaei.
But during 1988 to 1998, a alternation of assassinations dubbed the “chain murders” took place, the account of victims included in balance of eighty political activists, writers, poets, translators, and accustomed Iranian citizens. The MOIS assassins’ modus operandi assorted abundantly amid anniversary murder, some were collapsed in staged robberies, abounding were stabbed to afterlife in their beds or on the rooftop of their homes, one doctor was dead by an aggressor assuming as a patient, others died in car crashes, and able of all, some were injected with potassium to simulate cardiac arrest.
These murders took abode during the aboriginal appellation of Mohammad Khatami’s presidency, the MOIS had let apart Department 15 to booty affliction of opponents of the Tehran administering active in Iran, as able-bodied as in banishment abroad, and with this alternation of assassinations at aboriginal anticipation to accept been agitated out by a accumulation of psychopaths, the columnist dubbed them the Chain Murders.
But it wasn’t until November 22, 1998, afterwards a brace were atrociously murdered, a arrangement to these killings eventually came to light. The brace in catechism were Darius Forouhar, the 70-year-old baton of the Iran People’s Party, who was stabbed to afterlife forth with his wife, Parvaneh, in their collapsed in Tehran. Parwaneh, who was additionally a arch action politician, suffered in the best abominable way, through accepting both of her breasts broken off by the crazed assassins.
The brace had been angry for years to authorize the foundations of a autonomous arrangement of government aural Iran, which had angry them into enemies of the state. Due to Darius Forouhar’s abrupt criticism of animal rights abuses in Iran, which had formed the base of interviews he gave to Western radio stations, and were beamed in Farsi into Iran, his collapsed was beneath connected government surveillance. So, no amount how abundant the administering approved to abjure it, alone a affiliate of their abstruse account could accept breached the award to annihilation the agitator couple, and would accept managed to escape unnoticed.
When accompany accustomed at the house, they were clumsy to agitate the couple’s absorption by campanology the doorbell, and realising article was actively wrong, a abutting acquaintance entered the abode to analysis on the Forouhar’s, and what he begin had sickened him to the stomach. Darius Forouhar, who had suffered a agitated advance to the chest with a knife, and had been decapitated, was sprawled beyond his desk, while his wife lay nearby, her dress blood-sopped and in accouterment from the aboriginal advance hire adjoin her. Apparently, the brace had both been sprayed in the face with an alien substance, and with no assurance of a burglary, it could alone be assured that they had died as the aftereffect of a able killing.
Even afterwards the affliction of the annihilation came to an end, the murders accept continued. Among abounding attacks staged by MOIS, in 1995 came an bootless advance to annihilate about twenty agitator Iranian writers and journalists. It came in the anatomy of a staged bus blow in Armenia, in mountains abreast the Heyran Pass, an advance which was advised to accelerate the bus coast into a 1000-foot bead ravine, a accomplishment that was eventually laid at the aperture of one of the leaders of the MOIS team. The writers targeted, were all signatories of a letter accusatory the administering over its censorship policies, and they were on their way to a arcane conference.
In contempo alarm attacks, arch up to Hassan Rouhani’s appellation as president, which accept been numerous, the MOIS has been affiliated to abundant actions. These accept included the October 2011, bootless artifice to annihilation the Saudi agent to the U.S. with a bomb in a Washington restaurant, area abundant senators dine, which was accepted to accept been bureaucracy by its abstruse account accoutrement with the aid of the Quds Force.
Such is the abomination of the Iranian abstruse service; any anatomy of abandoned annihilation comes aural their modus operandi. With Donald Trump’s new bread-and-butter sanctions advised to actively abuse the regime, MOIS assassins are assertive to be accessible to strike, and with bags of agents common beneath their wing, abounding of whom accept entered their targeted countries beneath the guise of immigrants, students, journalists or architecture workers, those strikes could be anywhere beyond the globe.
Last Update: Saturday, 18 August 2018 KSA 10:45 – GMT 07:45
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